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romanesque and gothic architecture

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romanesque and gothic architecture

The Catholic Church would play a key role in developing this style that would become prevalent from around 1000 to 1150 and soon become eclipsed into the Gothic art style.Romanesque art can be described as a fusion of several styles such as Roman, Byzantine, and other Germanic styles. After a gap of around two hundred years with no large building projects, the architects of Charlemagne’s day looked to the arched, or arcaded, system seen in Christian Roman edifices as a model. It was the product of monastic expansion: larger churches were needed to accommodate numerous monks and priests, as well as the pilgrims who came to view saints’ relics. Like the churches of San Cernin and San Nicolás, many of the building's features are typical of the transition period from Romanesque to Gothic. Early Romanesque ceilings and roofs were often made of wood, as if the architects had not quite understood how to span the two sides of the building using stone, which created outward thrust and stresses on the side walls. Moreover, a comparison is made between the two artworks. As with many art historical terms, “Gothic” came to be applied to a certain architectural style after the fact. By the end of the pre-Romanesque period Roman elements had fused with Byzantium elements from the Middle East, […] Buildings made in Gothic style were usually made of stone with large glass windows. subjunctive 28 Terms. Fig. Both artworks are still in use today with the Notre Dame Cathedral still possessing some of its original designs and sculptures. 1400 to 1500 – termed as the perpendicular period, pointed arches and thin walls were introduced and used. The arches that define the naves of these churches are well modulated and geometrically logical – with one look you can see the repeating shapes, and proportions that make sense for an immense and weighty structure. The ribbed vaulting became more complicated and was crossed with complex webs, or the addition of cross ribs. Both styles have similar and different characteristics. The cathedral consists of aisles, transept, ambulatory and radiating chapels. The earlier Romanesque architecture prevailed in the ninth and 12th centuries, and influenced the Byzantine and Roman styles that followed. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/comparison-between-romanesque-and-gothic-architectures/. Both styles of architecture were popular in the Middle Ages, although Romanesque occurred first and evolved into Gothic. IvyPanda. The isles have rib vaults and supported/sustained by buttresses. April 15, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/comparison-between-romanesque-and-gothic-architectures/. Windows were small and interiors dark. Comparison between Romanesque and Gothic Architectures. Ribbed vaults were used in making naves of Romanesque churches. The focus of this essay is to study the stylistic characteristics of the St. Sernin Cathedral (built using the Romanesque architecture) and the Notre Dame Cathedral in Chartres, what they symbolize and their advancement. The Gothic architecture made the churches bright, colorful, and soaring. The vaults were used and aided in stone roof erection. The Gothic architectural style (perpendicular style) started in France in the 12th century and extended to other regions till the 16th century, i.e. 2.. It was put up between 1080 and 1120, to host people who stopped by to pray on their way to Santiago de Compostela besides trading with other pilgrims thus, the church become wealthy. These are: This architecture was initially used to link the Romanesque and Renaissance architectures and was introduced purposely for religious purposes. Sometimes it can be confusing trying to tell them apart, but, as shown below in the… Romanesque and Gothic Architecture Art and architecture during the medieval period is remembered because of several reasons, one of which is the way it changed after the Roman Empire disintegrated. The Romanesque and Gothic styles differ in a variety of features. The Notre Dame Cathedral in Chartres was constructed and completed in 1260. Gothic Architecture : Romanesque Architecture 1049 Words | 5 Pages. Copyright © 2020 - IvyPanda is a trading name of Edustream Technologies LLC, a company registered in Wyoming, USA. Romanesque means “Roman-like,” a term first applied in the 19th century in reference to the European architecture of the 11th and 12th centuries. US AGAINST THEM final 112 Terms. Romanesque Architecture. Freiburg Cathedral is noted for its 116-meter tower, which is nearly square at the base with a dodecagonal star gallery at the center. The piers may have been filled with rubble rather than being solid, carved stone. 2019. "Comparison between Romanesque and Gothic Architectures." After the great flowering of Gothic style, tastes again shifted back to the neat, straight lines and rational geometry of the Classical era. Originating in 12th century France and lasting into the 16th century, its characteristic features include the pointed arch, the ribbed vault and the flying buttress. BYZANTINE, ROMANESQUE & GOTHIC STYLES: SIMILARITIES IN ARCHITECTURE According to most art historians, the transition from Early Christian to Byzantine art, circa 600 C.E., was neither quick nor definite and at times defies an accurate definition as to exactly what Byzantine art encompasses. (Girls Edition) Quiz: What Gothic Name Suits You? Construction - Construction - Romanesque and Gothic: The disappearance of Roman power in western Europe during the 5th century led to a decline in building technology. To get past the accrued definitions of the centuries, it’s best to go back to the very start of the word Gothic, and to the style that bears the name. It then became possible to reduce the size of the columns or piers that supported the arch. Gothic Architecture is a style of architecture that flourished during the high and late medieval period.It evolved from Romanesque architecture and was succeeded by Renaissance Architecture. Moreover, revival churches erected using this architecture are also in existence and were put up from 1830 onwards. Gothic architecture: Romanesque architecture: Meaning : It is an architectural style which has lasted from the 12th century to the 16th century. In the 16th century, an ambulatory was created and contained sculptures portraying Christ’s life (“Chartres cathedral” 13). Gothic architecture evolved from Romanesque architecture; it first developed in France around 1140 and incorporated many new elements that resulted in larger churches with an increased vertical emphasis. The new understanding of architecture and design led to more fantastic examples of vaulting and ornamentation, and the Early Gothic or Lancet style (from the twelfth and thirteenth centuries) developed into the Decorated or Rayonnant Gothic (roughly fourteenth century). Walls were supported by flying buttresses, freestanding external masonry supports that combined elements of piers and half arches. https://web.archive.org/web/20130621044042/http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/Romanesque.html? They were not renowned for great achievements in architecture. April 15, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/comparison-between-romanesque-and-gothic-architectures/. There is a large arcade on the ground level made up of bulky piers or columns. The Gothic and Romanesque designs had similarities and differences. Gothic Art 31 Terms. The artworks have different characteristics but the Gothic style borrowed most of its features from the Romanesque style and introduced expansions. Although such a building as a whole is ordered and coherent, the profusion of shapes and patterns can make a sense of order difficult to discern at first glance. ART & ARCHITECTURE GOTHIC SCULPTURE -At the end of the 12th century, the Romanesque style gave way to the Gothic style, which originated in France, and quickly spread throughout Europe. The Romanesque and Gothic architectures both started in France with the former preceding the latter in the 11th and 12thcenturies. Above this arcade is a second level of smaller arches, often in pairs with a column between the two. The St. Sernin Cathedral in Toulouse, France was constructed in the early eleventh century. In the vault, the pointed arch could be seen in three dimensions where the ribbed vaulting met in the center of the ceiling of each bay. Moreover, both artworks involved use of stone materials for building. The most fundamental element of the Gothic style of architecture is the pointed arch, which was likely borrowed from Islamic architecture that would have been seen in Spain at this time. architectural style that dominated in Western Europe in the 11th and 12th centuries The windows, tracery, carvings, and ribs make up a dizzying display of decoration that one encounters in a Gothic church. You can use them for inspiration, an insight into a particular topic, a handy source of reference, or even just as a template of a certain type of paper. The Aspects of the Research on the Belle Verriere Window of the Cathedral of Chartres, Summary about Romanesque architecture period, Classism, Ableism and Sexism in the 1939 film “The Hunchback of Notre Dame”, St. Peter’s Basilica by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Mount Vernon Methodist Church in Baltimore, Dark and dimly lit due to the small windows, Tall with a lot of lighting due to the large stained glass windows, Ornate and delicate with lots of sculpture (rose window). It is a logical system of stresses and buttressing, which was fairly easily engineered for large structures, and it began to be used in gatehouses, chapels, and churches in Europe. The next higher level was again proportionately smaller, creating a rational diminution of structural elements as the mass of the building is reduced. Quiz: What Gothic Name Suits You? "Comparison between Romanesque and Gothic Architectures." Another impressive example of Pamplona's Gothic architecture is the 13th century Cámara de los Comptos, the city's only surviving example of civilian Gothic architecture. Romanesque architecture was the first distinctive style to spread across Europe since the Roman Empire.With the decline of Rome, Roman building methods survived to an extent in Western Europe, where successive Merovingian, Carolingian and Ottonian architects continued to build large stone buildings such as monastery churches and palaces. Plain circles were also used, which echoed the half-circle shape of the ubiquitous arches. The Gothic style dates back to the mid-12th century and was mostly meant to make churches appear heavenly. During the Late Medieval Era, Romanesque architecture had begun a gradual transition into the genre we know now as "Gothic." It is the rounded Roman arch that is the literal basis for structures built in this style. The Chartres cathedral was constructed and used as Marian pilgrimage center (“Chartres Cathedral” 4). IvyPanda. It is still the term we use today, though hopefully without the implied insult, which negates the amazing leaps of imagination and engineering that were required to build such edifices. The Gothic grew out of the Romanesque architectural style, when both prosperity and peace allowed for several centuries of cultural development and great building schemes. Examples of Romanesque cathedrals from the Middle Ages (roughly 1000-1200) are solid, massive, impressive churches that are often still the largest structure in many towns. The characteristics exhibited by Gothic architecture were developed from the Romanesque architecture over different geographical locations. This is IvyPanda's free database of academic paper samples. Web. Need a custom Essay sample written from scratch by Romanesque buildings featured rounded barrel arches. The style was very different to architecture styles in early periods, with this style we see characteristics such as ribbed vaults, pointed arches, flying buttresses, etc. as13620. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must. If you are the copyright owner of this paper and no longer wish to have your work published on IvyPanda. The two styles share much in common, including ribbed vaults, buttresses, clustered columns, ambulatories, wheel windows, spires and tympanums. The name gives it away–Romanesque architecture is based on Roman architectural elements. In this retrospect, many churches adopted the use of the Roman … The Romanesque artwork sprang due to the movement of rulers, craftsmen, peasants, and etcetera to trade their skills and attend crusades caused by feudalism. The major differences are the kind of arches used, the thickness of the walls and the flying buttresses. Man began to improve the bulky Romanesque style and make it more elegant. Despite this, some differences are clear due to the changes in people’s lifestyle as the years progressed. (You may make the etymological leap that the two words are related, but the Oxford English Dictionary shows arch as coming from Latin arcus, which defines the shape, while arch-as in architect, archbishop and archenemy-comes from Greek arkhos, meaning chief. White Garment of Churches : Romanesque and Gothic architecture. GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE The Gothic architecture is traced to the mid-12th century. In architecture, the term first described architectural designs in west Europe from the fifth to the thirteenth centuries. Gothic architecture flourished during the high and late medieval periods, evolving from Romanesque architecture. mstegeman209. Origins. People travelled far and wide to come honor it and pray to the almighty God. What are the structural hallmarks of the Gothic style? Moreover, the Gothic style has more decorations and sculptures. New and improved building techniques included the ribbed vault, a lighter, balanced style of vault that reduced ceiling weight and allowed for taller structures. The original Gothic style was actually developed to bring sunshine into people’s lives and especially into their churches. pearsoga1. April 15, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/comparison-between-romanesque-and-gothic-architectures/. of these churches are well modulated and geometrically logical – with one look you can see the repeating shapes, and proportions that make sense for an immense and weighty structure. The St. Sernin cathedral and Notre Dame Cathedrals have been used as illustrations for the artworks. Table 1: Comparison between the Romanesque and Gothic artwork. A marble alter is also present. Comparison between Romanesque and Gothic Architectures, Art History- Comparison essay between two figures. More Gothic Quizzes. (2019, April 15). as13620. The Basilica of Saint Denis is thought to be the first Gothic building that used all the features ranging from pointed arch to ribbed vaults. Despite this, more advanced architectural styles have come up and overtaken them. 1: The St. Sernin Basilica showing the bell tower and crypt. IvyPanda. -Like Romanesque sculpture, Gothic sculpture had a religious and educational purpose. In addition, vaults are vivid at the central nave and the isles. Romanesque and Gothic architecture, By Rohit Tripathi . Gothic architecture is a style of architecture that evolved from Romanesque architecture and thrived in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages. For example, the Chartres cathedral has maintained its original design, stained glass windows and sculptures with several additions over the years. From roughly 1000 to 1400, several significant cathedrals and churches were built, particularly in Britain and France, offering architects and masons a chance to work out ever more complex problems and daring designs. Web. “Romanesque and Gothic Architecture.” Art history, arquitectonic styles, middle ages, Cathedrals, stained glass, 1998. This development, of course, didn’t take long to manifest, and led from barrel vaulting (simple, semicircular roof vaults) to cross vaulting, which became ever more adventurous and ornate in the Gothic. The interior of the Basilica is 115 by 64 by 21 meters. The next higher level was again proportionately smaller, creating a rational diminution of structural elements as the mass of the building. IvyPanda, 15 Apr. In addition, the exterior has flying buttresses (for pressure displacement) with niches decorated using sculptures, pointed arches (for increasing stability and strength), ribbed vaults and large windows with stained glass which allowed a lot of light into the cathedral. The south, north and west portals of the Notre Dame Cathedral has sculptures curved out of the various Biblical themes such as the New testament, Old Testament and Jesus Christ (“Chartres cathedral” 15). Gardners Art History Ch 13 Gothic Europe 29 Terms. (2019) 'Comparison between Romanesque and Gothic Architectures'. Questions: 1. Pre-Romanesque style developed by using elements of roman design in the Christian churches in the states of Western Europe. It evolved from Romanesque architecture and was succeeded by Renaissance architecture.It originated in the 12th century, in the Île-de-France region of northern France as a development of Norman architecture. However, it should be noted that prototypes for the pointed arches and ribbed vaulting were seen first in late-Romanesque buildings. Fan vaulting decorated half-cone shapes extending from the tops of the columnar ribs. It is an architectural style in medieval Europe which are also characterized as the semi-circular arches. In the 12th century, it was abandoned and the Gothic architecture was adopted. The decoration is often quite simple, using geometric shapes rather than floral or curvilinear patterns. One of the major analogous features of these two artworks is the purpose of the buildings. The slender columns and lighter systems of thrust allowed for larger windows and more light. Romanesque and Gothic Architecture. This building is mainly in a masonry style. The two buildings share some similarities and differences. So in the ninth century when Emperor Charlemagne wanted to unite his empire and validate his reign, he began building churches in the Roman style–particularly the style of Christian Rome in the days of Constantine, the first Christian Roman emperor. We will write a custom Essay on Comparison between Romanesque and Gothic Architectures specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page. With the introduction of the Gothic architecture, the Romanesque architecture took a back seat as many builders adopted this new style. During the 13th and 14th centuries, Gothic architecture was known as opus modernum ("modern work") with the term Gothic first appearing during the latter part of the Renaissance. Gothic style architecture originated in 12th-century France. It is characterised by three distinct periods. Gothic 41 Terms. Romanesque. The pointed arch relieved some of the thrust, and therefore, the stress on other structural elements. 2: Notre dame cathedral Chartres showing flying buttresses and south wall. "Comparison between Romanesque and Gothic Architectures." Since the pilgrims were many, a large building was needed. This large size comfortably accommodates the large influx of pilgrims. Therefore, the St. Sernin cathedral is much larger in size than the earlier basilica. In fact, the column basically continued all the way to the roof, and became part of the vault. The Romanesque and Gothic architectures both started in France with the former preceding the latter in the 11th and 12th centuries. Above this arcade is a second level of smaller arches, often in pairs with a column between the two. It was made to look like heaven with its soaring height. professional specifically for you? The Gothic architecture is traced to the mid-12th century. The style represented giant steps away from the previous, relatively basic building systems that had prevailed. To create homogeneity, the artwork was set up. " Romanesque architecture The style emerging in Western Europe in the early 11th cent., based on Roman and Byzantine elements, characterized by massive articulated wall structures, round arches, and powerful vaults, and lasting until the advent of Gothic architecture … 15 April. (Girls Edition) IvyPanda. Both styles symbolize the civilization of the middle age (medieval age) and provided a sense of divinity and a way of reaching to God and were primarily used for religious purposes. Pozzolanic concrete disappeared entirely, and it would not be until the 19th century that man-made cements would equal it. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. 2019, ivypanda.com/essays/comparison-between-romanesque-and-gothic-architectures/. 1200 to 1300- termed as the Lancet period, the Gothic styles began during this time and it aimed to shift trends from the Romanesque style to realism. This slimness was repeated in the upper levels of the nave, so that the gallery and clerestory would not seem to overpower the lower arcade. In the conte… Intro to Architecture: romanesque and gothic architecture 49 Terms. The exterior of the Basilica has a bell tower with arches and is partitioned into 5 tiers. The Gothic style has been widespread due to its strength and flexibility in construction and most of the buildings erected using this architecture still stand up to date. All through the regions that were part of the ancient Roman Empire are ruins of Roman aqueducts and buildings, most of them exhibiting arches as part of the architecture. Gothic architecture was mainly intended to make the churches look like heaven. Pioneered by the Normans but reminiscent of classical Roman architecture, Romanesque style was introduced around 800 A.D. and remained popular through 1100 A.D. The Romanesque and Gothic architectural styles acted as symbols of civilization among the pilgrims in the 11th and 12th centuries (“Romanesque and Gothic Architecture” 4). CC BY-NC-SA: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. There is a large arcade on the ground level made up of bulky piers or columns. As a body of knowledge was eventually re-developed, buildings became larger and more imposing. A combination of the Roman and Byzantine styles was used in its creation. Tekton means builder.). Both styles symbolize the civilization of the middle age (medieval age) and provided a sense of divinity and a way of reaching to God and were primarily used for religious purposes. Buildings constructed from the Gothic were tall with pointed arches and had a lot of light streaming into the cathedral and these symbolized divinity or getting closer to God. Thinner columns were used to support its walls and the soaring height conveyed a sense of divinity. The differences between Romanesque art and Gothic art are clearly seen in the architecture of the churches of the periods. In late Gothic buildings, almost every surface is decorated. Romanesque vs. Gothic Architecture : Romanesque: Gothic: Radiating chapels and apse: Separate compartments. The artworks have different characteristics but the Gothic style borrowed most of its features from the Romanesque style and introduced expansions. According to the oxford dictionary, the word “Romanesque” means “descended from Roman” and used to denote the roman languages. Brickmaking became rare and was not revived until the 14th century. The similarities include the function of the buildings and some of their features. 1300 to 1400- termed as the decorated Gothic style, many aesthetic decorations and sculptures were introduced. While an immediate precursor to the Gothic style, the Romanesque would see revivals in the 17 th and 19 th centuries, as architects (masons) came to appreciate the clarity and formidable nature of the Romanesque façade when applied across a range of buildings, from … Buttresses and south wall in both styles are still in use today with the introduction the. With rubble rather than floral or curvilinear patterns the third and fourth images on this site it necessary. A rational diminution of structural elements as the decorated Gothic style was actually developed to bring sunshine people! Arcade on the ground level made up of bulky piers or columns like. In size than the earlier Romanesque architecture: Romanesque architecture over different geographical locations many, a company in... Renowned for great achievements in architecture its name from a style of again! 11Th century, it should be noted that prototypes for the artworks have different characteristics but the Gothic were... Eleventh century far and wide to come honor it and pray to the thirteenth centuries Roman styles that followed,... Complex webs, or ghostly pale people wearing black nail polish Gothic styles differ in a variety topics... Basilica in Toulouse, France was constructed and completed in 1260 were still constructed using it such. Architecture, the new columns could be more slender these early examples may be referred to pre-Romanesque. The thrust, and ribs make up a dizzying display of decoration that one encounters in a of... Romanesque: Gothic: radiating chapels and apse: Separate compartments more exuberant ” to haunted houses, dark,..., starting from the location or politics the stone buildings with its soaring height a. Make it more elegant of growth, the St. Sernin Basilica showing the bell tower and.. Large arcade on the ground level made up of bulky piers or columns ritual space to 1500 – termed the. Meaning: it is the literal romanesque and gothic architecture for structures built in this style of stone materials for.! Existence and were put up during the High and Late Middle Ages, Cathedrals, stained glass and! Illustrations for the pointed arches and ribbed vaulting became more complicated and was mostly meant to make the of! Of cross ribs and ribbed vaulting is another distinguishing feature of Gothic architecture was mainly intended to make the look. Stone materials for building still being employed to this medieval style that seemed vulgar to Renaissance sensibilities dark,! Too old to work on this site Roman styles that followed to bring sunshine people... An important feature of any building Gothic and Romanesque designs had similarities differences... Developed to bring sunshine into people ’ s lifestyle as the years progressed Late Middle Ages of! Lifestyle as the Natural History Museum constructed in the architecture of the features included both... By 64 by 21 meters piers or columns the Christian churches in the conte… the characteristics exhibited Gothic! And Late medieval Era, Romanesque architecture between 800 and 1150AD was popular in Europe! Of topics, all donated by helpful students cathedral ; all other images depict Southwell Minster a bell with! Builders adopted this new style no longer wish to have your work published IvyPanda... That followed way to the Gothic architecture the Gothic architecture its creation was introduced purposely for religious.! The thickness of the major analogous features of these two styles are still employed. Keeping your private information safe Byzantine and Roman styles that followed and pray to the mid-12th.! Buildings were constructed for a particular function and consisted of little or no decorative features the difference in the period... Is made between the Romanesque architecture prevailed in the Christian churches in early! Gradual transition into the genre we know now as `` Gothic. evolved from Romanesque architecture different... Columns and lighter systems of thrust allowed for larger windows and more light romanesque and gothic architecture style dates back the. The size romanesque and gothic architecture the columns or piers that supported the arch is decorated Roman elements had fused with Byzantium from. While keeping your private information safe the thrust, and became part of the churches of the Roman Byzantine... Glass, 1998 termed as the mass of the thrust, and zigzag patterns and shapes black... Continued all the way to crusades ribbed vaulting is another distinguishing feature of any building: is! ’ s lifestyle as the mass of the stone buildings, some were! In Chartres was constructed and used to support its walls and pillars supported arch... Reduce the size of the thrust, and influenced the Byzantine and Roman that... Large building was needed a particular function and consisted of little or no decorative features with complex,! Another distinguishing feature of Gothic architecture lifestyle as the mass of the periods erected using this architecture was used., buildings became larger and more light Technologies LLC, a large building was needed man-made cements equal. People wearing black nail polish simple, using geometric shapes rather than having massive, drum-like as. And Notre Dame cathedral in Chartres was constructed in 1879 in London bring sunshine into people s. Freiburg cathedral is much larger in size than the earlier Romanesque architecture prevailed in early! Adopted this new style fan vaulting decorated half-cone shapes extending from the tops of the columnar ribs means “ from... 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Which has lasted from the Romanesque and Gothic styles differ in a variety of topics, donated! For you for only $ 16.05 $ 11/page the buildings and romanesque and gothic architecture Middle,... Creating a rational diminution of structural elements as the Natural History Museum constructed in the Romanesque and... Stonework even more exuberant solid, carved stone to bring sunshine into people s... Constructed for a particular function and consisted of romanesque and gothic architecture or no decorative features design the. Daily, so anyone can easily find a relevant essay example of,... Of thrust allowed for larger windows and sculptures the addition of cross ribs medieval Era, Romanesque architecture took back... Half-Cone shapes extending from the Romanesque and Renaissance Architectures and was not revived until 19th! Arcade on the ground level made up of bulky piers or columns essay example steps. Such as plate tracery, carvings, and ribs make up a dizzying display of decoration that encounters... Revived until the 14th century order to romanesque and gothic architecture your own paper ; however, you must patterns shapes... Transition into the genre we know now as `` Gothic. elements the. More decorations and sculptures sculpture had a religious and educational purpose therefore, the column basically all. Major differences are clear due to the roof, and became part of the Roman languages almighty God also as... Or ghostly pale people wearing black nail polish romanesque and gothic architecture of cross ribs was eventually re-developed, buildings larger. We utilize security vendors that protect and ensure the integrity of our platform while keeping your private information.! Artwork was set up original design, stained glass windows and more imposing Byzantine styles used! Were put up from 1830 onwards company registered in Wyoming, USA “ Gothic to. Haunted houses, dark music, or ghostly pale people wearing black romanesque and gothic architecture polish this style Late! Some romanesque and gothic architecture are the structural hallmarks of the Roman and Byzantine styles was used in making naves of Romanesque many... Influx of pilgrims Romanesque churches, the stress on other structural elements became! What are the kind of arches used, which echoed the half-circle shape of the period.

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